An Independent Scientific Assessment of Well Stimulation in California Volume II: Potential Environmental Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing and Acid Stimulations

California Council on Science and Technology (CCST) | July 1st, 2015


In 2013, the California Legislature passed Senate Bill 4 (SB 4), setting the framework for regulation of well stimulation technologies in California, including hydraulic

Data from Exploratory Sampling of Groundwater in Selected Oil and Gas Areas of Coastal Los Angeles County and Kern and Kings Counties in Southern San Joaquin Valley, 2014–15

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) | December 9th, 2016


Exploratory sampling of groundwater in coastal Los Angeles County and Kern and Kings Counties of the southern San Joaquin Valley was done by the U.S. Geological Survey fr

Geologic controls on groundwater salinity reversal in North Coles Levee Oil Field, southern San Joaquin Valley, California, USA

Environmental Earth Sciences (Springer) | May 29th, 2022


This paper documents a reversal in the groundwater salinity depth gradient in the North Coles Levee Oil Field in the San Joaquin Valley, California. Salinity, measured in

Hydraulic Fracturing and Water Resources: Separating the Frack from the Fiction

Pacific Institute | June 21st, 2012


Hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking,” has generated growing controversy in the past few years. New research from the Pacific Institute finds the real issues around its

Hydraulic fracturing in faulted sedimentary basins: Numerical simulation of potential contamination of shallow aquifers over long time scales

American Geophysical Union (AGU) | December 12th, 2013


Hydraulic fracturing, used to economically produce natural gas from shale formations, has raised environmental concerns. The objective of this study is to assess one of

Hydraulic fracturing near domestic groundwater wells

National Academy of Sciences (NAS) | December 12th, 2017


Hydraulic fracturing operations are generating considerable discussion about their potential to contaminate aquifers tapped by domestic groundwater wells. Groundw

Mapping aquifer salinity gradients and effects of oil field produced water disposal using geophysical logs: Elk Hills, Buena Vista and Coles Levee Oil Fields, San Joaquin Valley, California

PLOS | March 28th, 2022


The effects of oil and gas production on adjacent groundwater quality are becoming a concern in many areas of the United States. As a result, it has become increasingly i

Occurrence of water and thermogenic gas from oil-bearing formations in groundwater near the Orcutt Oil Field, California, USA

Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies (Elsevier) | April 11th, 2022


Study region: Santa Barbara County, California, USA. Study focus: To analyze a wide array of newly collected chemical, isotopic, dissolved gas, and age dating tracers

Oil, Food, and Water: Challenges and Opportunities for California Agriculture

Pacific Institute | December 1st, 2015


A new comprehensive study by the Pacific Institute  sheds light on the risks posed when oil and gas exploration and production operate alongside agriculture. “There

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