A Measure of Snow: A Report Based on Case Studies of The Snow Survey and Water Supply Forecasting Program

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Natural Resources Conservation Service | November 1st, 2008


Snow depth and snow water content data have been collected and disseminated throughout the Western United States for over 100 years. Early snow survey and water s

A rationale for effective post-fire debris flow mitigation within forested terrain

Geoenvironmental Disasters, Springer | May 25th, 2018


Watersheds recently burned by wildfires are recognized as having an increased susceptibility to debris flow occurrence. The great majority occur within the first 2 years

A study of methods to estimate debris flow velocity

Landslides, Springer | September 16th, 2019


Debris flow velocities are commonly back-calculated from superelevation events which require subjective estimates of radii of curvature of bends in the debris flow channe

Alternative management paradigms for the future of the Colorado and Green Rivers

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) | January 28th, 2021


The Colorado River is among the most extensively managed river systems in the world. The river’s headwaters are within the Rocky Mountains in the United States. From t

Annual Operating Plan for Colorado River Reservoirs 2021

U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) | December 9th, 2020


Anthropogenic Warming Impacts on Today's Sierra Nevada Snowpack and Flood Risk

American Geophysical Union (AGU) | June 15th, 2018


This study investigates temperature impacts to snowpack and runoff‐driven flood risk over the Sierra Nevada during the extremely wet year of 2016–2017, which followed

Asymmetric emergence of low-to-no snow in the midlatitudes of the American Cordillera

Nature Climate Change | November 14th, 2022


Societies and ecosystems within and downstream of mountains rely on seasonal snowmelt to satisfy their water demands. Anthropogenic climate change has reduced mountain sn

Attribution of declining western U.S. snowpack to human effects

American Meteorological Society (AMS) | December 1st, 2008


Observations show snowpack has declined across much of the western United States over the period 1950–99. This reduction has important social and economic impli

California forest die-off linked to multi-year deep soil drying in 2012–2015 drought

Nature Geoscience | July 1st, 2019


Widespread episodes of recent forest die-off have been tied to the occurrence of anomalously warm droughts, although the underlying mechanisms remain inadequately

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