Much attention is focused on water data in California, and for good reason. California is struggling to make decisions that adapt its water systems to pressures such as climate change and population growth. Fully informed decisions are impossible without accurate and accessible data and information to support them. California already produces immense amounts of water-related data. However, agencies and stakeholders currently struggle to bring these data together to support routine decision making. Overall, we lack any systematic understanding of whether and how existing data can support the needs of decision makers.