Document Details

Bay Area Green Infrastructure Water Quality Synthesis

Alicia N. Gilbreath, Sarah Pearce, Ila Shimabuku, Lester McKee | June 1st, 2018

San Francisco Bay is impacted by the numerous urban pollutants that flow from the surrounding landscape during storm events. In San Francisco Bay, total maximum daily load (TMDL) clean-up plans are in place for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and mercury (Hg) (Davis et al., 2007; Davis et al., 2012).

As municipalities strive to reach regulatory targets, green infrastructure (GI) presents a promising solution for managing stormwater pollutants while achieving additional environmental and social benefits. However, remaining data gaps including the best design layout, media composition, and vegetation and submerged zone effects on performance can prevent local managers from accurately assessing water quality benefits provided by green infrastructure as well as the maintenance needs to sustain adequate performance.


groundwater recharge, infrastructure, Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta, stormwater, urban water conservation, water quality

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